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ARDCOAI-PMH = Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting

Underlying Technology Overview

Protocol to transfer metadata: HTTP

  • request and response are sent via HTTP protocol
  • requests are encoded as GET/POST operations
  • responses are well-formed XML documents

Metadata format

  • any formats (e.g. Dublin Core, MARC, RIF-CS)
  • default supported: Dublin Core
  • ARDC supported: RIF-CS, ISO19115

Data Provider vs Service Provider

OAI divides the world between data providers and service providers:

  • Data Providers (Repositories) 
    • expose metadata to harvesters
    • provide free access to metadata
  • Service Providers (Harvesters) 
    • client applications that issue OAI-PMH requests.

Sets

OAI list sets

  • Allow for harvesting of sub-collections
  • Sets can overlap: 1 item in multiple sets

Overview of OAI-PMH verbs

verb=Identify

Description of Institutional Repository

 

<OAI-PMH xmlns="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/ http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/OAI-PMH.xsd">
    <responseDate>2017-10-19T00:28:20Z</responseDate>
    <request verb="Identify">
https://researchdata.ands.org.au/registry/registry/services/oai
</request>
    <Identify>
        <repositoryName>Australian National Data Service (ANDS)</repositoryName>
        <baseUrl>https://researchdata.ands.org.au/registry/</baseUrl>
        <protocolVersion>2.0</protocolVersion>
        <earliestDatestamp>2010-01-12T05:03:58Z</earliestDatestamp>
        <deletedRecord>transient</deletedRecord>
        <granularity>YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ssZ</granularity>
        <adminEmail>services@ands.org.au</adminEmail>
    </Identify>
</OAI-PMH>

verb=ListSets

Sets defined by Institutional Repository

<OAI-PMH xmlns="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/ http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/OAI-PMH.xsd">
    <responseDate>2017-10-19T00:40:58Z</responseDate>
    <request verb="ListSets">
https://researchdata.ands.org.au/registry/registry/services/oai
</request>
    <ListSets>
        <set>
            <setSpec>
datasource:Housing-and-building-National-Research-Center
</setSpec>
            <setName>Housing and building National Research Center</setName>
        </set>
        <set>
            <setSpec>datasource:Federal-University-of-Sergipe</setSpec>
            <setName>Federal University of Sergipe</setName>
        </set>
        <set>
            <setSpec>
datasource:DataSource-Example-with-4-Registry-Objects
</setSpec>
            <setName>DataSource Example with 4 Registry Objects</setName>
        </set>
        <set>
            <setSpec>datasource:Australian-National-University</setSpec>
            <setName>Australian National University</setName>
        </set>
        <set>
            <setSpec>datasource:IGO</setSpec>
            <setName>IGO</setName>
        </set>
        <set>
            <setSpec>datasource:testDStestDS</setSpec>
            <setName>testDStestDS</setName>
        </set>
        <set>
            <setSpec>datasource:ANDS</setSpec>
            <setName>ANDS</setName>
        </set>
    </ListSets>
</OAI-PMH>

verb=ListMetadataFormats

Metadata formats supported by Institutional Repository

<OAI-PMH xmlns="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/ http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/OAI-PMH.xsd">
    <responseDate>2017-10-19T00:43:25Z</responseDate>
    <request verb="ListMetadataFormats">
https://researchdata.ands.org.au/registry/registry/services/oai
</request>
    <ListMetadataFormats>
        <metadataFormat>
            <metadataPrefix>dci</metadataPrefix>
            <schema />
            <metadataNamespace />
        </metadataFormat>
        <metadataFormat>
            <metadataPrefix>scholix</metadataPrefix>
            <schema />
            <metadataNamespace />
        </metadataFormat>
        <metadataFormat>
            <metadataPrefix>oai_dc</metadataPrefix>
            <schema>http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc.xsd</schema>
            <metadataNamespace>http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc/</metadataNamespace>
        </metadataFormat>
        <metadataFormat>
            <metadataPrefix>rif</metadataPrefix>
            <schema>
http://services.ands.org.au/documentation/rifcs/1.3/schema/registryObjects.xsd
</schema>
            <metadataNamespace>
http://ands.org.au/standards/rif-cs/registryObjects
</metadataNamespace>
        </metadataFormat>
        <metadataFormat>
            <metadataPrefix>extRif</metadataPrefix>
            <schema />
            <metadataNamespace>
http://ands.org.au/standards/rif-cs/extendedRegistryObjects
</metadataNamespace>
        </metadataFormat>
    </ListMetadataFormats>
</OAI-PMH>

verb=ListIdentifiers

OAI unique ids contained in Institutional Repository

<OAI-PMH xmlns="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/ http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/OAI-PMH.xsd">
    <responseDate>2017-10-19T01:23:33Z</responseDate>
    <request verb="ListIdentifiers" metadataPrefix="rif">
https://researchdata.ands.org.au/registry/registry/services/oai
</request>
    <ListIndentifiers>
        <header>
            <identifier>oai:ands.org.au::1840</identifier>
            <datestamp>2014-02-28T02:30:53Z</datestamp>
            <setSpec>datasource:University-of-Sydney-AP05</setSpec>
            <setSpec>class:service</setSpec>
            <setSpec>group:The0x20University0x20of0x20Sydney</setSpec>
        </header>
        <header>
            <identifier>oai:ands.org.au::1842</identifier>
            <datestamp>2013-07-30T04:23:36Z</datestamp>
            <setSpec>datasource:Founders-and-Survivors-Genealogical-Connections</setSpec>
            <setSpec>class:service</setSpec>
            <setSpec>group:The0x20University0x20of0x20Melbourne</setSpec>
        </header>
        <header>
            <identifier>oai:ands.org.au::1849</identifier>
            <datestamp>2014-03-28T05:42:13Z</datestamp>
            <setSpec>datasource:AP34-CSIRO-SEQITOR</setSpec>
            <setSpec>class:service</setSpec>
            <setSpec>group:Commonwealth0x20Scientific0x20and0x20Industrial0x20Research0x20Organisation</setSpec>
        </header>
        <header>
            <identifier>oai:ands.org.au::2008</identifier>
            <datestamp>2012-08-16T00:43:39Z</datestamp>
            <setSpec>datasource:AusNC</setSpec>
            <setSpec>class:collection</setSpec>
            <setSpec>group:Australian0x20National0x20Corpus</setSpec>
        </header>
        ..................
    </ListIndentifiers>
</OAI-PMH>

verb=ListRecords

Listing of N records in Institutional Repository

<OAI-PMH xmlns="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/ http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/OAI-PMH.xsd">
    <responseDate>2017-10-19T01:28:55Z</responseDate>
    <request verb="ListRecords" metadataPrefix="rif">
https://researchdata.ands.org.au/registry/registry/services/oai
</request>
    <ListRecords>
        <record>
            <header>
                <identifier>oai:ands.org.au::1840</identifier>
                <datestamp>2014-02-28T02:30:53Z</datestamp>
                <setSpec>datasource:University-of-Sydney-AP05</setSpec>
                <setSpec>class:service</setSpec>
                <setSpec>group:The0x20University0x20of0x20Sydney</setSpec>
            </header>
            <metadata>
                <registryObjects xmlns="http://ands.org.au/standards/rif-cs/registryObjects" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://ands.org.au/standards/rif-cs/registryObjects http://services.ands.org.au/documentation/rifcs/schema/registryObjects.xsd">
                    <registryObject group="The University of Sydney">
                        <key>AP05_USyd_thisshouldbeautogenerated</key>
                        <originatingSource type="">
http://researchdata.ands.org.au/registry/orca/register_my_data
</originatingSource>
                        <service type="search-http" dateModified="2012-10-23T00:00:00Z">
                            <name type="primary">
                                <namePart>
CATAMI: Collaborative and Annotation Tools for Analysis of Marine Imagery and Video
</namePart>
                            </name>
                            <description type="full">
&lt;p&gt;The CATAMI web site provides a location of the deposit and access of various underwater imagery, including data from Baited Remote Underwater Video (BRUV), Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV), Diver Operated Video (DOV) and Towed Imagery (TI). Functionality and uses of this service include:&lt;/p&gt; &lt;ul style="list-style-type: circle;"&gt; &lt;li&gt;Methods for querying the image database based on criteria such as depth, position, time, image labels, etc. will allow relevant subsets of the data to be quickly extracted from the repository for further analysis;&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;Online access to geotiff images of the integrated terrain models that allow broad scale patterns to be examined and allows users to identify particular subsets of the data that are of interest.&lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;Access to video data collected by BRUVS, UTV and ROV systems. &lt;/li&gt; &lt;li&gt;Presentation of summary statistics for dives and campaigns based on analysis output.  The ability to quickly examine the makeup of individual dives, including sample images of the relevant habitat types, will allow end users to quickly examine and understand the content of individual deployments.&lt;/li&gt; &lt;/ul&gt;
</description>
                            <description type="deliverymethod">&lt;p&gt;software&lt;/p&gt;</description>
                            <description type="note">
&lt;div&gt;This project includes development funded by the Australian National Data Service (ANDS, &lt;a href="http://ands.org.au"&gt;http://ands.org.au&lt;/a&gt;) and the National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR, &lt;a href="http://nectar.org.au"&gt;http://nectar.org.au&lt;/a&gt;).&lt;/div&gt; &lt;div&gt; &lt;/div&gt; &lt;div&gt;ANDS is supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy Program and the Education Investment Fund (EIF) Super Science Initiative.&lt;/div&gt; &lt;div&gt; &lt;/div&gt; &lt;div&gt;NeCTAR is an Australian Government project conducted as part of the Super Science initiative and financed by the Education Investment Fund. The University of Melbourne has been appointed the lead agent by the Commonwealth of Australia, Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education.&lt;/div&gt;
</description>
                            <rights>
                                <rightsStatement rightsUri="">Rights accessible via the associated license.</rightsStatement>
                                <licence type="CC-BY" rightsUri="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" />
                                <accessRights type="" rightsUri="">Open access.</accessRights>
                            </rights>
                            <identifier type="uri">http://catami.org</identifier>
                            <location>
                                <address>
                                    <electronic type="url">
                                        <value>http://catami.org/</value>
                                    </electronic>
                                </address>
                            </location>
                            <relatedObject>
                                <key>AODN:ae70eb18-b1f0-4012-8d62-b03daf99f7f2</key>
                                <relation type="makesAvailable" />
                            </relatedObject>
                            <relatedObject>
                                <key>AODN:f47a6929-1f19-4724-b74b-7c8579872cb7</key>
                                <relation type="makesAvailable" />
                            </relatedObject>
                            <relatedObject>
                                <key>AODN:783f9b8d-4ce2-417b-aeb1-234799dc4696</key>
                                <relation type="makesAvailable" />
                            </relatedObject>
                            <relatedObject>
                                <key>AODN:stefanw@acfr.usyd.edu.au</key>
                                <relation type="hasAssociationWith" />
                            </relatedObject>
                            <relatedObject>
                                <key>AODN:6be08828-275d-4a5c-9478-f5fe20613709</key>
                                <relation type="makesAvailable" />
                            </relatedObject>
                            <relatedObject>
                                <key>AODN:0f379372-f0c3-4c86-aa25-4aeaa3986635</key>
                                <relation type="makesAvailable" />
                            </relatedObject>
                            <subject type="anzsrc">0600</subject>
                            <subject type="local">Oceans</subject>
                            <subject type="local">Marine</subject>
                            <relatedInfo type="website">
                                <identifier type="uri">http://catami-australia.blogspot.com.au/</identifier>
                            </relatedInfo>
                        </service>
                    </registryObject>
                </registryObjects>
            </metadata>
        </record>
    </ListRecords>
    .................
</OAI-PMH>

verb=GetRecord

Listing of a single record from Institutional Repository

<OAI-PMH xmlns="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/ http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/OAI-PMH.xsd">
    <responseDate>2017-10-19T01:35:28Z</responseDate>
    <request verb="GetRecord" metadataPrefix="rif" identifier="http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1508909">
https://researchdata.ands.org.au/registry/registry/services/oai
</request>
    <GetRecord>
        <record>
            <header>
                <identifier>oai:ands.org.au::671935</identifier>
                <datestamp>2016-06-29T17:13:39Z</datestamp>
            </header>
            <metadata>
                <registryObjects xmlns="http://ands.org.au/standards/rif-cs/registryObjects" xmlns:extRif="http://ands.org.au/standards/rif-cs/extendedRegistryObjects" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://ands.org.au/standards/rif-cs/registryObjects http://services.ands.org.au/documentation/rifcs/schema/registryObjects.xsd">
                    <registryObject group="National Library of Australia">
                        <key>http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1508909</key>
                        <originatingSource type="authoritative">http://trove.nla.gov.au/people</originatingSource>
                        <party dateModified="2015-01-12T04:59:23Z" type="group">
                            <identifier type="AU-ANL:PEAU">http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1508909</identifier>
                            <identifier type="AU-VU:EOAS">http://www.eoas.info/biogs/P005286b.htm</identifier>
                            <name type="primary">
                                <namePart>Australian National Data Service</namePart>
                            </name>
                            <location>
                                <address>
                                    <electronic type="url">
                                        <value>http://nla.gov.au/nla.party-1508909</value>
                                    </electronic>
                                </address>
                            </location>
                            <description type="brief">The Australian National Data Service (ANDS) was created in 2009 with the aim to provide a cohesive collection of research resources from all research institutions to improve access and use of Australia's research data collections.</description>
                        </party>
                    </registryObject>
                </registryObjects>
            </metadata>
        </record>
    </GetRecord>
</OAI-PMH> 

Datestamp

  • Each record needs a datestamp: 
    • date of creation
    • date of modification.
  • Dates are used to allow: 
    • harvesting by date range
    • support for incremental harvesting.

Incremental harvesting

OAI-PMH incremental harvest

OAI-PMH resumption token

Existing OAI-PMH solutions

  • jOAI
  • OAICat
  • Proai for Fedora

ARDC metadata and transforms

ARDC harvester supported metadata format

  • RIF-CS (ISO 2146)
  • ISO 19115 (Geographic Information-Metadata)
  • ISO 19139 (Marine Community Profile)

Transforms (XSLT)

  • DC to RIF-CS
  • MARCS to RIF-CS
  • MODS to RIF-CS

 

More information is available from the Crosswalks: Transform your metadata page. 

 

 

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